Birth Registration is a fundamental right of a child recognized by Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights. A child’s birth has to be legally registered and the parents must acquire the birth certificate of their newly born child.
National Child Policy:
Right to Life and Liberty, Name and Nationality: Every child has a right to life, liberty, a name and to acquire a nationality
The Birth, Marriage and Death Registration Act 1886, states that Provincial Governments shall establish general registry office for keeping such certified copies of registers of birth and deaths registered under this act.
The Cantonments Act 1924, deals with registration of children in cantonments.
The Local Government Ordinance 2001, holds the Union administration responsible to maintain the registration system and record of births, deaths and marriages and to issues certificates.
National Database Registration Authority Ordinance 2000, stipulates the registration of a citizen under 18 years by his/her guardian/ parent, not later than one month after his/her birth.
The National Registration Act 1973, was promulgated by the government to introduce the concept of issuance of a national identity to every citizen of Pakistan above the age of 18 years. Under the Act, all citizens of Pakistan, regardless of whether they are in Pakistan or abroad, are required to register the births and deaths of their children with the concerned officer.
Charter of Child Rights Act, 2009: Article 5. (1) The Provincial Governments shall ensure that every child is registered immediately after birth and shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and, as far as possible, the right to know and be cared for by his parents.
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Article 7 (1). The child shall be registered immediately after birth and shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and as far as possible, the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents.
- States Parties shall ensure the implementation of these rights in accordance with their national law and their obligations under the relevant international instruments in this field, in particular, where the child would otherwise be stateless.
Legal Procedure and Mechanisms:
To make the birth registration procedure efficient parents are directed to get their children registered in respective NADRA office, union council and cantonment board.
A birth certificate in Pakistan is a legal proof of a person’s date of birth, parentage and place of birth. A Birth Certificate is actually an evidence that documents the birth of a child. The term “birth certificate” can refer to either the original document or a certified copy of or representation of the original record of birth.
How to get Birth Certificate Pakistan?
Those who do not have their birth certificate, or they have lost it, or often a birth certificate of a family member is required by authorities. The possible ways of obtaining a birth certificate in Pakistan is either the birth registration authority (mostly local Union Council) at the original place of birth should be approached and requested a certified duplicate copy, or alternatively a birth certificate can be obtained by making an application to the National Database Registration Authority (NADRA) which will issue a computerized copy of birth certificate. Under your legal authorization, we can assist you obtain a birth certificate through any of the above procedures.
A thorough search will be done on the records of the Municipality office based on the Parent’s name and applicant’s date of birth in the related Union Council / Municipal Corporation of the place of birth to find whether the birth is registered at the office or not. If the birth certificate was registered with a name, then the certificate will be issued by as per the details available in the records of the Govt. office. In majority of the cases, where the birth was not registered at the time birth and the name would not have been mentioned at the time of birth. In such cases birth is registered with late registration fee, the name can be included by submitting a name inclusion form along with an affidavit from parents/relative and copies of the school certificates (X or XII), residence proof of parent/applicant and the applicant’s passport. But rules for late registration of Birth may be different in different cities of Pakistan. For example in Karachi birth up to 1975 can be registered with late registration fee/year since the year of birth to obtain NADRA Computerized Birth Certificate.