Crime is define as “An act punishable by law; usually considered an evil act; “a long record of crimes”. In the sociological field, crime is the breach of a rule or law for which some governing authority or force may ultimately prescribe a punishment. The word crime originates or derived from the Latin word Crimen. Crime is everywhere. Even though countries define crime differently in their criminal codes, no country is without crime. An increasing number of countries now report statistics concerning traditional crimes (murder, robbery, rape, theft, burglary, fraud, and assault) to the United Nations surveys. Crimes rate computed from surveys are universally higher than those of official records. There are so many kinds or types of crimes such as; Crimes against person or people, Crime against Property, White Collar Crimes, Victimless Crimes etc.
Types of Crimes
CRIME AGAINST PERSON
Crime against person / people includes Murder, Attempt to Murder, Hurt, Rioting, and Assault on Public Servant, Rape or Sexual Assault, Kidnapping or Abduction etc.
Being raped or sexually assaulted is a very distressing experience and the effects can be long lasting. Victims who have suffered sexual attacks describe feeling like angry, guilty, ashamed, powerless, and depressed. Victims sometimes have difficulty in sleeping or eating, and find it hard to concentrate. It can be very difficult to talk about the attack to friends or family, even some people do not want to tell anyone about what has happened. A woman who is the victim of sexual violence may be eligible for criminal injuries compensation. Normally, the crime must have been reported to the Police. As many as 42843 cases of child abuse were reported in Pakistan during last nine years, reports Madagaar helpline run by Lawyers for Human Rights & Legal Aid LHRLA.
Releasing the data on the occasion of Universal Children’s Day falling on November 20, the Madadgaar said 20013 boys and 22830 girls were subjected to violence during the period from January 2000 to November 2008.
Hate Crimes is defined as “The perpetrator’s prejudice against any identifiable group of people is a factor in determining who is victimized. A victim of hate crime does not have to be a member of a minority or someone who is generally considered to be “vulnerable”. For example, the friends of a visible minority ethnic person, lesbian or refugee may be victimized because of their association. Hate Crimes fall inside three areas:
• Racist Incidents
• Homophobic Crime if you are a victim of Hate Crime, you should talk to someone, doesn’t suffer in silence. Even if you don’t want to report it to police talking to someone can often help. Keep a record of the time, dates, place and what happened. This is helping if you ever want to take action e.g. report the to an agency.
The unlawful killing of one human by another, especially with premeditated malice. It can be difficult to sort our practical matters while you are coping with losing someone suddenly. Law can help you with claiming criminal injuries compensation. Losing someone through a violent crime is a devastating experience. Every person experiences sadness differently and often feelings change day-to-day. Over a period of time people often feel a wide range of emotions, you may feel angry, guilty, depressed and sometimes suicidal. Although life may never be the same again, talking about the experience can help
Violence can include verbal abuse, threats and even physical assault. It can take place in the home, on the street, when you are work or with friends.
Violence is the exertion of force so as to injure or abuse. The word is used broadly to describe the destructive action of natural phenomena like storms and earthquakes. More frequently the word describes forceful and intentional injury to people, and verbal and emotional abuse towards others.
Kidnapping is the taking away a person against the person’s will, usually to hold the person in false imprisonment, a confinement without legal authority. Kidnapping requires one person takes and carries another away, by force or fraud, without the consent of the person taken and against lawful. This may be done for ransom or in furtherance of another crime, or in connection with a child custody dispute.
CRIME AGAINST PROPERTY
Crime against property includes Highway Dacoit, Bank Dacoit, Petrol Pump Dacoit, Other Dacoit, Highway Robbery, Bank Robbery, Petrol Pump Robbery, Other Robbery, Burglary, Cattle Theft, Motor Vehicle, Other Theft etc.
Robbery is defined as “the crime of seizing property through violence or intimidation. More precisely, Robbery was defined as taking the property of another, with the intent to permanently deprive the person of that person of that property, by means of force or fear.